Engineering Design

Standards > Engineering Design

People design for enjoyment and to solve problems, extend human capabilities, satisfy needs and wants, and improve the human condition. Engineering Design, a systematic approach to creating solutions to technological problems and finding ways to meet people’s needs and desires, allows for the effective and efficient development of products and systems.

By the end of grade 2

Engineering design is a creative process for meeting human needs or wants that can result in multiple solutions.

• Limitations (constraints) must be considered when engineering designs.

By the end of grade 5

• Engineering design is a systematic and creative process of communicating and collaborating to meet a design challenge.

• Often, several design solutions exist, each better in some way than the others.

• Engineering design requirements include desired features and limitations that need to be considered.

By the end of grade 8

Engineering design is a systematic, creative and iterative process used to address local and global problems.

• The process includes generating ideas, choosing the best solution, and making, testing, and redesigning models or prototypes.

• Engineering design requirements and specifications involve making trade-offs between competing requirements and desired design features.

By the end of grade 12

Engineering design is a complex process in which creativity, content knowledge, research, and analysis are used to address local and global problems.

• Decisions on trade-offs involve systematic comparisons of all costs and benefits, and final steps that may involve redesigning for optimization.

• Engineering design evaluation, a process for determining how well a solution meets requirements, involves systematic comparisons between requirements, specifications, and constraints.